Windows Server 8 Beta Failover Clustering and PowerShell

So the last two posts (one, two) were just some screenshots and comments as I went through and created a failover cluster. To be fair this wasn’t the first go round with the cluster I created one earlier with just one computer so I could see the PowerShell stuff.

I must say, 81 PowerShell commands to handle clustering, not too shabby. The first cluster I created was with the New-Cluster cmdlet.

New-Cluster -Name win8-hv -Node win8-hv1 -NoStorage -Verbose
Name
----
win8-hv

The progress bar flashed for a bit as it did stuff and then there was a cluster. It didn’t take a long time but it was rather hot I must say.

Here are all the new commands

Get-Command |Where-Object {$_.ModuleName -eq 'FailoverClusters'} | Format-Table -Property Capability, Name -AutoSize

Capability Name
---------- ----
Cmdlet Add-VMToCluster
Cmdlet Remove-VMFromCluster
Cmdlet Add-ClusterCheckpoint
Cmdlet Add-ClusterDisk
Cmdlet Add-ClusterFileServerRole
Cmdlet Add-ClusterGenericApplicationRole
Cmdlet Add-ClusterGenericScriptRole
Cmdlet Add-ClusterGenericServiceRole
Cmdlet Add-ClusterGroup
Cmdlet Add-ClusteriSCSITargetServerRole
Cmdlet Add-ClusterNode
Cmdlet Add-ClusterPrintServerRole
Cmdlet Add-ClusterResource
Cmdlet Add-ClusterResourceDependency
Cmdlet Add-ClusterResourceType
Cmdlet Add-ClusterScaleOutFileServerRole
Cmdlet Add-ClusterServerRole
Cmdlet Add-ClusterSharedVolume
Cmdlet Add-ClusterVirtualMachineRole
Cmdlet Add-ClusterVMMonitoredItem
Cmdlet Block-ClusterAccess
Cmdlet Clear-ClusterDiskReservation
Cmdlet Clear-ClusterNode
Cmdlet Get-Cluster
Cmdlet Get-ClusterAccess
Cmdlet Get-ClusterAvailableDisk
Cmdlet Get-ClusterCheckpoint
Cmdlet Get-ClusterGroup
Cmdlet Get-ClusterLog
Cmdlet Get-ClusterNetwork
Cmdlet Get-ClusterNetworkInterface
Cmdlet Get-ClusterNode
Cmdlet Get-ClusterOwnerNode
Cmdlet Get-ClusterParameter
Cmdlet Get-ClusterQuorum
Cmdlet Get-ClusterResource
Cmdlet Get-ClusterResourceDependency
Cmdlet Get-ClusterResourceDependencyReport
Cmdlet Get-ClusterResourceType
Cmdlet Get-ClusterSharedVolume
Cmdlet Get-ClusterVMMonitoredItem
Cmdlet Grant-ClusterAccess
Cmdlet Move-ClusterGroup
Cmdlet Move-ClusterResource
Cmdlet Move-ClusterSharedVolume
Cmdlet Move-ClusterVirtualMachineRole
Cmdlet New-Cluster
Cmdlet Remove-Cluster
Cmdlet Remove-ClusterAccess
Cmdlet Remove-ClusterCheckpoint
Cmdlet Remove-ClusterGroup
Cmdlet Remove-ClusterNode
Cmdlet Remove-ClusterResource
Cmdlet Remove-ClusterResourceDependency
Cmdlet Remove-ClusterResourceType
Cmdlet Remove-ClusterSharedVolume
Cmdlet Remove-ClusterVMMonitoredItem
Cmdlet Repair-ClusterSharedVolume
Cmdlet Reset-ClusterVMMonitoredState
Cmdlet Resume-ClusterNode
Cmdlet Resume-ClusterResource
Cmdlet Set-ClusterLog
Cmdlet Set-ClusterOwnerNode
Cmdlet Set-ClusterParameter
Cmdlet Set-ClusterQuorum
Cmdlet Set-ClusterResourceDependency
Cmdlet Start-Cluster
Cmdlet Start-ClusterGroup
Cmdlet Start-ClusterNode
Cmdlet Start-ClusterResource
Cmdlet Stop-Cluster
Cmdlet Stop-ClusterGroup
Cmdlet Stop-ClusterNode
Cmdlet Stop-ClusterResource
Cmdlet Suspend-ClusterNode
Cmdlet Suspend-ClusterResource
Cmdlet Test-Cluster
Cmdlet Test-ClusterResourceFailure
Cmdlet Update-ClusterIPResource
Cmdlet Update-ClusterNetworkNameResource
Cmdlet Update-ClusterVirtualMachineConfiguration

So let’s play a little.

jeffpatton.admin@WIN8-HV1 | 12:56:01 | 03-20-2012 | C:Usersjeffpatton.admin #
Get-ClusterGroup

Name OwnerNode State
---- --------- -----
Available Storage win8-hv2 Offline
broker win8-hv2 Online
Cluster Group win8-hv2 Online


jeffpatton.admin@WIN8-HV1 | 12:56:04 | 03-20-2012 | C:Usersjeffpatton.admin #
Remove-ClusterGroup -Name broker -RemoveResources

Remove-ClusterGroup
Are you sure that you want to remove the clustered role 'broker'? The resources will be taken offline.
[Y] Yes [N] No [S] Suspend [?] Help (default is "Y"): y
jeffpatton.admin@WIN8-HV1 | 12:56:20 | 03-20-2012 | C:Usersjeffpatton.admin #
Remove-Cluster -Name win8-hv

Remove-Cluster
Are you sure you want to completely remove the cluster win8-hv?
[Y] Yes [N] No [S] Suspend [?] Help (default is "Y"): y
jeffpatton.admin@WIN8-HV1 | 12:56:45 | 03-20-2012 | C:Usersjeffpatton.admin #
Get-Cluster
Get-Cluster : The cluster service is not running. Make sure that the service is running on all nodes in the cluster.
There are no more endpoints available from the endpoint mapper
At line:1 char:1
+ Get-Cluster
+ ~~~~~~~~~~~
+ CategoryInfo : NotSpecified: (:) [Get-Cluster], ClusterCmdletException
+ FullyQualifiedErrorId : Get-Cluster,Microsoft.FailoverClusters.PowerShell.GetClusterCommand

So I just dumped the cluster, I think I’ll create the cluster again with a single node, and then add a node after the fact, since there is a cmdlet for that.

New-Cluster -Name win8-cluster -Node win8-hv1 -NoStorage -Verbose

Name
----
win8-cluster

Let’s confirm that it’s there.

Get-Cluster |Format-List -Property *


Domain : soecs.ku.edu
Name : win8-cluster
AddEvictDelay : 60
BackupInProgress : 0
ClusSvcHangTimeout : 60
ClusSvcRegroupOpeningTimeout : 5
ClusSvcRegroupPruningTimeout : 5
ClusSvcRegroupStageTimeout : 5
ClusSvcRegroupTickInMilliseconds : 300
ClusterGroupWaitDelay : 120
MinimumNeverPreemptPriority : 3000
MinimumPreemptorPriority : 1
ClusterEnforcedAntiAffinity : 0
ClusterLogLevel : 3
ClusterLogSize : 300
CrossSubnetDelay : 1000
CrossSubnetThreshold : 5
DefaultNetworkRole : 2
Description :
FixQuorum : 0
HangRecoveryAction : 3
IgnorePersistentStateOnStartup : 0
LogResourceControls : 0
PlumbAllCrossSubnetRoutes : 0
PreventQuorum : 0
QuorumArbitrationTimeMax : 20
RequestReplyTimeout : 60
RootMemoryReserved : 4294967295
RouteHistoryLength : 0
SameSubnetDelay : 1000
SameSubnetThreshold : 5
SecurityLevel : 1
SharedVolumeCompatibleFilters : {}
SharedVolumeIncompatibleFilters : {}
SharedVolumesRoot : C:ClusterStorage
SharedVolumeSecurityDescriptor : {1, 0, 4, 128...}
ShutdownTimeoutInMinutes : 20
UseNetftForSharedVolumes : 1
UseClientAccessNetworksForSharedVolumes : 0
SharedVolumeBlockCacheSizeInMB : 0
WitnessDatabaseWriteTimeout : 300
WitnessRestartInterval : 15
EnableSharedVolumes : Enabled
DynamicQuorum : 1
Id : d4e05676-cf3d-4814-a828-f32e106bb1c0

Let’s see some information about the node.

Get-ClusterNode |Format-List *


Cluster : win8-cluster
State : Up
Id : 1
Name : win8-hv1
NodeName : win8-hv1
NodeHighestVersion : 467002
NodeLowestVersion : 467002
MajorVersion : 6
MinorVersion : 2
BuildNumber : 8250
CSDVersion :
NodeInstanceID : 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000001
Description :
DrainStatus : NotInitiated
DrainTarget : 4294967295
DynamicWeight : 1
NodeWeight : 1

Okay, let’s add a node now. I chopped off the crazy long report filename.

Add-ClusterNode -Name win8-hv2 -Cluster win8-cluster -NoStorage -Verbose
Report file location: C:WindowsclusterReportsAdd Node Wizard

Verify

Get-ClusterNode

Name ID State
---- -- -----
win8-hv1 1 Up
win8-hv2 2 Up

How many cluster do I have? Seems like a lot, but the Windows 8, and dev-cluster aren’t actually there anymore.

Get-Cluster -Domain soecs.ku.edu

Name
----
CLUSTER
DEV-CLUSTER
HYPER-V
WIN8-CLUSTER
WIN8-HV

Let’s add server role, this is basically a cluster end-point

Add-ClusterServerRole -Name Win8ServerRole -Cluster win8-cluster -Verbose

Name OwnerNode State
---- --------- -----
Win8ServerRole win8-hv1 Online

How about some details on that role. I cut out the Type property to keep it readable.

Get-ClusterResource -Name win8serverrole |Get-ClusterParameter

Object Name Value
------ ---- -----
win8serverrole Name WIN8SERVERROLE
win8serverrole DnsName Win8ServerRole
win8serverrole Aliases
win8serverrole RemapPipeNames 0
win8serverrole HostRecordTTL 1200
win8serverrole RegisterAllProvidersIP 0
win8serverrole PublishPTRRecords 0
win8serverrole ResourceData {1, 0, 0, 0...}
win8serverrole StatusNetBIOS 0
win8serverrole StatusDNS 0
win8serverrole StatusKerberos 0
win8serverrole CreatingDC \DC1.soecs.ku.edu
win8serverrole LastDNSUpdateTime 3/20/2012 6:17:30 PM
win8serverrole ObjectGUID e3fbfe6ba596a447a09fd4e117...

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *